Here’s everything we know about the troubling disappearance and death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi

Military & Defense
Here's everything we know about the troubling disappearance and death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi
Here’s everything we know about the troubling disappearance and death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi

Jamal Khashoggi

Saudi officials said on October 19 that the journalist Jamal Khashoggi died in an altercation inside the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul.
Khashoggi, 59, who was often critical of the Saudi government, entered the consulate on October 2 and had not been seen since.
Saudi Arabia previously said, without evidence, that Khashoggi left the consulate, and officials had rejected assertions that he was killed.
US President Donald Trump shifted from expressing concern about the case to defending Saudi leadership in the two weeks following Khashoggi’s disappearance.
Trump has said that stopping arms sales to the Saudis as punishment for Khashoggi’s disappearance would be a “tough pill to swallow.”
On October 15, he said Saudi Arabia’s King Salman denied any involvement, and the president suggested that “rogue killers” could be responsible. The next day, Trump said criticism of Saudi Arabia was another case of “guilty until proven innocent.” And the day after that, he said he’d contacted Turkish officials and requested audio and video related to the case, “if it exists.”
US intelligence may have known before Khashoggi’s disappearance about a Saudi plot to capture him, The Washington Post reported in early October.
On October 11, The Post reported that the Turkish government told US officials it had audio and video recordings suggesting that a team of Saudis “interrogated, tortured, and then murdered” Khashoggi.
CNN reported on October 15 that Saudi Arabia was preparing to release a report saying Khashoggi was killed as part of a botched interrogation.
The Associated Press on October 16 quoted a high-level Turkish official as saying police who entered the consulate found “certain evidence” that Khashoggi was killed there.

The Wall Street Journal reported on October 16 that Turkish officials shared with the US and Saudi Arabia details of an audio recording said to illustrate that Khashoggi was beaten, drugged, and ultimately killed in the Saudi consul general’s office minutes after entering the consulate.
A bipartisan group of senators has invoked a law requiring Trump to investigate Khashoggi’s disappearance.
US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo went to Saudi Arabia on October 16 to discuss the case with the Saudis, who he said pledged to conduct “a thorough, transparent, and timely investigation.”
The US received a $100 million payment from Saudi Arabia on the same day Pompeo arrived in Riyadh to discuss Khashoggi’s disappearance. The State Department said there was no connection.
When asked by reporters on October 18 whether he believes Khashoggi is dead, Trump said, “It certainly looks that way to me,” adding that there would be “very severe” consequences if investigations into Khashoggi’s disappearance conclude the Saudis are responsible.
Later that night, ABC News cited a senior Turkish official as saying the Turkish government let Pompeo listen to audio and view a transcript offering evidence that Khashoggi was killed. Pompeo promptly denied ever hearing or seeing such a recording, and Ankara’s top diplomat subsequently denied supplying any audio to the secretary of state.
After more than two weeks of denials, the Saudi government on October 19 released a statement acknowledging Khashoggi’s death. It said he died in a fistfight in the consulate, adding that 18 people had been arrested.
Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir told Fox News on October 21 that Khashoggi was killed as a result of a “rogue operation,” adding that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had no prior knowledge of the incident. The foreign minister described Khashoggi’s death as a “murder.”
The Post on October 22 quoted a diplomat as saying the Saudis sought to use a body double to cover up the killing but ultimately decided the double was too “flawed.”
After the Saudis acknowledged Khashoggi’s death, Trump largely continued to stand by them, saying he found their explanation about how he died credible and offering his support to the crown prince — though he later told reporters he wasn’t satisfied with what he’d heard from the Saudis about Khashoggi’s death.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan on October 23 contradicted Saudi Arabia’s narrative on Khashoggi’s death, describing it as a premeditated act. The Turkish leader said Khashoggi was the victim of a “savage” and “planned” murder and called for the 18 men arrested by the Saudis to be brought to Turkey to stand trial, adding that Khashoggi’s body had not been found.
Trump on October 23 described Khashoggi’s killing as one of the worst cover-ups in history and said he’d leave any ramifications against the Saudis up to Congress.
Pompeo said the US would take “appropriate actions” against people it has identified as connected to Khashoggi’s killing, including revoking visas and possibly imposing economic sanctions.
CIA Director Gina Haspel reportedly heard audio of the killing while visiting Turkey in late October.
Saudi Arabia’s official press agency on October 25 quoted a prosecutor with knowledge of Turkey’s investigation into Khashoggi’s fate as saying evidence indicated that his killing was premeditated.
Istanbul’s chief prosecutor, Irfan Fidan, said on October 31 that Khashoggi was strangled shortly after he entered the consulate and his body subsequently dismembered. The prosecutor also called on the Saudis to reveal the location of Khashoggi’s body.
Turkish officials are looking into whether Khashoggi’s body was dissolved in acid after he was killed, The Washington Post reported, and seem to be rejecting a claim from an unnamed Saudi official that his remains were rolled up in some kind of fabric and given to a Turkish co-conspirator.
Erdogan on November 2 said Khashoggi’s killing was ordered by the “highest levels” of the Saudi government, and he rebuked Riyadh for not being more cooperative.
Trump last Wednesday told reporters he was consulting with Congress on how to respond to the killing, adding that he would have “a very strong opinion” to offer on the subject next week.
Erdogan on Saturday said he passed on audio recordings of Khashoggi’s killing to the US, the UK, France, Germany, and Saudi Arabia.

Khashoggi’s last words were “I’m suffocating … Take this bag off my head, I’m claustrophobic,” according to a Turkish journalist who says he listened to audio of Khashoggi’s death.
Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Monday said Canadian intelligence had listened to recordings of Khashoggi’s killing.
One of the men involved in Khashoggi’s killing told a superior over the phone in Arabic to “tell your boss” that “the deed was done,” according to a report from The New York Times. US intelligence officials believe this was a reference to Prince Mohammed, though he was not named.

The Saudi public prosecutor’s office on Thursday said 11 people had been indicted in connection with Khashoggi’s killing, adding that he requested the death penalty for five of the suspects.

The prosecutors said the Saudi agents involved had orders to abduct the journalist but ultimately killed him via a lethal injection after a “fight and quarrel.” Khashoggi was then dismembered and his body parts were given to a local collaborator, according to the prosecutors office.

None of the suspects were named and a spokesman for the prosecutor reiterated prior claims from the kingdom that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had no knowledge of the killing. 

Jamal Khashoggi’s death has captured the world’s attention.

Khashoggi, 59, a Saudi journalist, was killed in the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul in early October.

The Saudi government on October 19 acknowledged his death, claiming he died during an altercation in the consulate. The Saudis had given conflicting accounts about the case over the nearly three weeks that Khashoggi’s disappearance remained a mystery.

The journalist entered the consulate on October 2 to obtain documents necessary to marry his Turkish fiancée, Hatice Cengiz.

Cengiz has said she waited for Khashoggi outside the consulate for roughly 11 hours but he never came out. She tweeted in early October: “Jamal is not dead. I cannot believe that he has been killed.”

جمال لم يقتل ولا اصدق أنه قد قتل …! #جمال_الخاشقجي #اختطاف_جمال_خاشقجي pic.twitter.com/5SHyIEqqiT

— Hatice Cengiz / خديجة (@mercan_resifi) October 6, 2018

Here’s a timeline of the events surrounding Khashoggi’s disappearance and death.

Who is Jamal Khashoggi?

Khashoggi, a prominent journalist who was often critical of the Saudi government and Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, wrote for The Washington Post’s global opinion section.

Karen Attiah, Khashoggi’s editor at The Post, told CNN on October 7: “We’re still hoping for the best, but of course this news, if true, has us all completely devastated. This is an attack on us as well at The Washington Post.”

“We’re still hoping for the best, but of course this news, if true, has us all completely devastated. This is an attack on us as well at The Washington Post,” says @KarenAttiah, Jamal Khashoggi’s editor pic.twitter.com/AAOuKQ8LuT

— Reliable Sources (@ReliableSources) October 7, 2018

Khashoggi had a long, complicated career.

He went from interviewing a young Osama bin Laden in the 1980s to becoming one of the top journalists in his country to living in self-imposed exile.

Khashoggi was at one point an adviser to senior officials in the Saudi government and worked for top news outlets in the country. He was long seen as close to the ruling elite there.

But last year, Khashoggi had a falling out with the government over Prince Mohammed’s controversial tactics as he has worked to consolidate his power, including arresting powerful business executives and members of the royal family.

The Saudi royal family also barred Khashoggi from writing after he was critical of US President Donald Trump, and it drove Khashoggi to leave Saudi Arabia for the US in the summer of 2017.

In recent months, Khashoggi reportedly told colleagues he had feared for his life.

After leaving Saudi Arabia, Khashoggi divided his time between London, Istanbul, and Virginia. He was a US resident with a green card, but not a citizen.

Jamal Khashoggi is a Virginia resident, so his disappearance is personal to me. President Trump needs to raise this case immediately with Saudi Arabia and Turkey and demand answers. We should be extending support from our federal agencies for a real investigation.

— Tim Kaine (@timkaine) October 9, 2018

The Post on October 17 published an op-ed article Khashoggi filed shortly before his disappearance.

In it, Khashoggi called for a free press in the Arab world. Attiah, who edited the article, wrote a note at the top.

“I received this column from Jamal Khashoggi’s translator and assistant the day after Jamal was reported missing in Istanbul,” Attiah said. “The Post held off publishing it because we hoped Jamal would come back to us so that he and I could edit it together. Now I have to accept: That is not going to happen. This is the last piece of his I will edit for The Post.”

She added that Khashoggi’s article “perfectly captures his commitment and passion for freedom in the Arab world.”

What Saudi Arabia has said about Khashoggi’s disappearance

Saudi officials initially claimed that Khashoggi left the consulate, and they maintained that story for roughly 17 days.

“Mr. Khashoggi visited the consulate to request paperwork related to his marital status and exited shortly thereafter,” an unnamed Saudi official told The New York Times in October.

The Saudi government previously denied allegations that Khashoggi was killed, describing them as “baseless.”

Prince Mohammed in early October told Bloomberg News that Turkish authorities were welcome to search the consulate. “We have nothing to hide,” he said.

“He’s a Saudi citizen, and we are very keen to know what happened to him,” he added. “And we will continue our dialogue with the Turkish government to see what happened to Jamal there.”

When asked whether there were any charges against Khashoggi in Saudi Arabia, Prince Mohammed said, “Actually, we need to know where Jamal is first.”

The Saudi ambassador to the US told The Post on October 8 that it would be “impossible” for consulate employees to kill Khashoggi and cover up his death “and we wouldn’t know about it.”

The Saudi-owned Al Arabiya TV network on October 11 aired a report claiming that 15 men said to be involved in Khashoggi’s disappearance weren’t sent to Istanbul for the purpose of capturing or killing him but were just tourists.

Turkish media reported that the men arrived at Istanbul’s airport on October 2, the day Khashoggi went missing, and left Turkey later that night.

On October 19, Saudi Arabia said Khashoggi died in a fistfight in the consulate, a claim that has been met with a great deal of skepticism.

Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir told Fox News on October 21 that Khashoggi was killed as a result of a “rogue operation,” claiming that Prince Mohammed had no prior knowledge of the incident. He described Khashoggi’s death as a “murder.”

A Saudi official told Reuters on October 21 that Khashoggi’s body was rolled up in a rug and given to a “local cooperator” for disposal.

But a Reuters report on October 22 suggested the operation was run via Skype by a top aide to the crown prince.

“We are determined to uncover every stone. We are determined to find out all the facts and we are determined to punish those who are responsible for this murder.”

In an exclusive interview with @BretBaier, Saudi Foreign Minister Adel al-Jubeir discusses Jamal Khashoggi. pic.twitter.com/WhMezguJ56

— Fox News (@FoxNews) October 21, 2018

Saudi Arabia’s official press agency on October 25 quoted a prosecutor with knowledge of Turkey’s investigation into Khashoggi’s fate as saying evidence indicated that his killing was premeditated, marking yet another shift in the kingdom’s narrative about what happened to the journalist.

“Information from the Turkish authorities indicates that the act of the suspects in the Khashoggi case was premeditated,” Saudi Arabia’s public prosecutor said in a statement.

The Saudi public prosecutor’s office on Thursday said 11 people had been indicted in connection with Khashoggi’s killing, adding that he requested the death penalty for five of the suspects.

The prosecutors said the Saudi agents involved, including the head of forensics for the national intelligence service, had orders to abduct the journalist but ultimately killed him via a lethal injection after a “fight and quarrel.” Khashoggi was then dismembered and his body parts were given to a local collaborator, according to the prosecutors office. 

This contradicted earlier claims from the Saudis that the killing was premeditated. 

None of the suspects were named and a spokesman for the prosecutor reiterated prior claims from the kingdom that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had no knowledge of the killing. 

Days before it acknowledged Khashoggi’s death, Saudi Arabia was said to be preparing a report claiming he was killed as part of a botched interrogation

Citing two sources, CNN reported on October 15 that Saudi Arabia was preparing a report claiming Khashoggi was killed as part of a botched interrogation.

One source told CNN that the report was likely to say the operation was conducted without clearance or transparency and vow to hold those involved accountable.

The Saudi government on October 19 said that 18 Saudi officials were detained in connection with Khashoggi’s death.

A Daily Beast report on October 16 suggested that the Saudis planned to scapegoat an unnamed two-star general and claim that he botched a plan to interrogate Khashoggi and accidentally killed him.

The Times published a related report on October 18 that said the Saudis planned to blame a general with ties to Prince Mohammed. The Times identified the general as Ahmed al-Assiri, who was promoted to intelligence by the crown prince late last year after having worked as the spokesman for the Saudi-led coalition in Yemen.

What Turkey has said about Khashoggi’s disappearance

Turkish officials have consistently accused the Saudis of brutally killing Khashoggi.

A high-level Turkish official told The Associated Press on October 16 that police who entered the consulate found “certain evidence” that Khashoggi was killed there.

Turkey has been putting a great deal of pressure on Saudi Arabia to be more transparent. On October 8, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan demanded Saudi officials provide proof that Khashoggi left the consulate.

“Do you not have cameras and everything of the sort?” Erdogan said. “They have all of them. Then why do you not prove this? You need to prove it.”

Throughout the investigation, there have been somewhat conflicting messages from Turkey on Khashoggi’s disappearance as details of what might have happened to him have been gradually leaked to media outlets.

In a report on October 9, The Times described a senior official as saying Turkey had concluded Khashoggi was killed “on orders from the highest levels” of the Saudi royal court.

But Yasin Aktay, an adviser to Erdogan, said on October 10 that “the Saudi state is not blamed here,” suggesting that “a deep state” was responsible for Khashoggi’s disappearance.

On October 11, Erdogan increased pressure on Saudi Arabia over Khashoggi’s disappearance.

“We cannot remain silent to such an incident,” Erdogan was quoted by Turkish media as telling reporters, according to The Post.

“How is it possible for a consulate, an embassy not to have security camera systems? Is it possible for the Saudi Arabian consulate where the incident occurred not to have camera systems?” he continued.

“If a bird flew, if a mosquito appeared, these systems would catch them,” he said, adding that he believed that the Saudis “would have the most advanced of systems.”

Erdogan on October 23 contradicted Saudi Arabia’s narrative of Khashoggi’s death, describing it as a premeditated act. The Turkish leader said Khashoggi was the victim of a “savage” and “planned” murder.

“We have strong evidence in our hands that shows the murder wasn’t accidental but was instead the outcome of a planned operation,” Erdogan said.

Erdogan also called for the 18 men the Saudis arrested in connection with Khashoggi’s death to be brought to Turkey to stand trial.

The Turkish president said Khashoggi’s body had not been found, pushing back on reports suggesting otherwise.

Erdogan on October 30 called on the Saudis to “reveal” the people responsible for Khashoggi’s killing.

“Saudi officials need to reveal the local cooperators,” he said. “Let us know whoever this person is, and we will find them.”

He added: “We cannot leave this issue unsolved — we need to solve it now. There is no point in procrastinating or trying to save some people from under this.”

Istanbul’s chief prosecutor, Irfan Fidan, said on October 31 said Khashoggi was strangled shortly after he entered the consulate and his body subsequently dismembered. The prosecutor also called on the Saudis to reveal the location of Khashoggi’s body.

Erdogan said in an op-ed article in The Post on November 2 that Khashoggi’s killing was ordered by the “highest levels” of the Saudi government, and he rebuked Riyadh for not being more cooperative. The Turkish leader reiterated calls for Saudi Arabia to answer basic questions about Khashoggi’s death, such as where his body is.

“Some seem to hope this ‘problem’ will go away in time,” Erdogan wrote. “But we will keep asking those questions, which are crucial to the criminal investigation in Turkey, but also to Khashoggi’s family and loved ones.”

Erdogan on Saturday said he passed on audio recordings of Khashoggi’s killing to the US, the UK, France, Germany, and Saudi Arabia.

What we know about the investigation into Khashoggi’s disappearance and death

There appears to be video footage of Khashoggi entering the consulate. Turkish officials have said that some footage from it mysteriously disappeared.

Local police were examining video footage from security cameras in the area, and on October 15 police entered the consulate to investigate for the first time. Erdogan said on October 16 that investigators found some surfaces that had been newly painted over.

Turkish officials allege that the Saudi government sent a 15-man team to Istanbul via private jets to kill Khashoggi at the consulate. The AP described Turkish media as saying the team included “Saudi royal guards, intelligence officers, soldiers, and an autopsy expert.”

Turkish media published what it claimed were videos of Saudi intelligence officers entering and leaving Turkey via Istanbul’s airport.

Citing an unnamed US official, The Post reported on October 7 that Turkish investigators believed Khashoggi was killed and his body most likely dismembered, placed in boxes, and flown out of the country. But some reports suggest Khashoggi’s body may have been dissolved with acid.

The senior official who spoke to The Times said Turkish officials believed the team used a bone saw to dismember Khashoggi’s body.

The Guardian reported last month that officials were looking for a black van with diplomatic number plates that was seen departing the consulate roughly two hours after Khashoggi went in. They also thought Khashoggi’s Apple Watch could provide clues about what happened to him, though experts have cast doubt on that claim.

A Post report published on October 11 described several unnamed Turkish and US officials as saying the Turkish government told US officials it had audio and video recordings suggesting that a team of Saudis killed Khashoggi.

The newspaper quoted one official as saying the audio recording indicated that Khashoggi was “interrogated, tortured, and then murdered,” adding that both Khashoggi’s voice and the voices of men speaking Arabic could be heard on the recording.

The recording “lays out what happened to Jamal after he entered,” The Post’s source said.

The Wall Street Journal reported on October 16 that Turkish officials shared with the US and Saudi Arabia details of an audio recording said to illustrate how Khashoggi was beaten, drugged, and ultimately killed in the Saudi consul general’s office minutes after entering the consulate.

The Journal described people familiar with the matter as saying the recording included a voice that could be heard urging the consul to leave the room, as well as a voice of a person Turkish officials identified as a forensic specialist urging people nearby to listen to music as he dismembered the body.

In a Times report on October 17, a senior Turkish official described audio recordings suggesting that Khashoggi’s fingers were cut off shortly after he arrived at the consul and that he was eventually beheaded.

A Turkish official on October 19 said investigators were looking into the possibility that Khashoggi’s remains were taken to a nearby forest or to another city in the country.

On October 22, CNN reported that surveillance footage suggested the Saudis involved in the operation had a man wear Khashoggi’s clothing, a fake beard, and glasses around Istanbul in an attempt to act as a body double.

The Post quoted a diplomat familiar with the deliberations as saying the Saudis decided not to move forward with the story because the double appeared too “flawed” in the footage.

khashoggi body double cctv

Saudi officials who spoke with the AP acknowledged that a body double was used but said it was part of a plan to kidnap rather than kill Khashoggi.

Meanwhile, Reuters and The Post reported on October 25 that CIA Director Gina Haspel heard audio of the killing while visiting Turkey that week.

Turkish officials are looking into whether Khashoggi’s body was dissolved in acid after he was killed, The Washington Post reported on October 31, and seem to be rejecting a claim from an unnamed Saudi official that his remains were rolled up in some kind of fabric and given to a Turkish co-conspirator.

Khashoggi’s last words were “I’m suffocating … Take this bag off my head, I’m claustrophobic,” according to a Turkish journalist, Nazif Karaman, who told Al Jazeera on Sunday that he listened to audio of Khashoggi’s death recorded at the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul.

According to Karaman, the killing lasted roughly seven minutes.

Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau on Monday said Canadian intelligence had listened to recordings of Khashoggi’s killing.

“Canada’s intelligence agencies have been working very closely on this issue with Turkish intelligence, and Canada has been fully briefed on what Turkey had to share,” Trudeau said.

One of the men involved in Khashoggi’s killing told a superior over the phone in Arabic to “tell your boss” that “the deed was done,” The Times reported, citing three people familiar with a recording of Khashoggi’s death collected by Turkish intelligence.

US intelligence officials believe it was a reference to Prince Mohammed, though he was not explicitly named, the report said.

What Trump and the White House have said about the Khashoggi case

The White House press secretary, Sarah Huckabee Sanders, issued a statement on October 19 after the Saudi government acknowledged Khashoggi’s death:

“The United States acknowledges the announcement from the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia that its investigation into the fate of Jamal Khashoggi is progressing and that it has taken action against the suspects it has identified thus far.

“We will continue to closely follow the international investigations into this tragic incident and advocate for justice that is timely, transparent, and in accordance with all due process. We are saddened to hear confirmation of Mr. Khashoggi’s death, and we offer our deepest condolences to his family, fiancée, and friends.”

Trump initially expressed concern about the Khashoggi case, then shifted to defending Saudi leaders while exhibiting a reluctance to punish them.

On October 8, he told reporters that he was “concerned about” Khashoggi’s disappearance.

“I don’t like hearing about it. Hopefully that will sort itself out,” Trump said. “Right now nobody knows anything about it, but there’s some pretty bad stories going around. I do not like it.”

During an interview with “Fox & Friends” on October 11, Trump said that “we’re probably getting closer than you might think” to finding out what happened to Khashoggi.

“We have investigators over there, and we’re working with Turkey, and frankly we’re working with Saudi Arabia,” Trump said. “We want to find out what happened. He went in, and it doesn’t look like he came out. It certainly doesn’t look like he’s around.”

Trump added in the interview that US-Saudi relations were “excellent.”

There is reason to doubt the president’s claim that the US had investigators in Turkey. FBI guidelines say it can investigate in other countries only if they request assistance. Foreign Policy reported on October 11 that it seemed Turkey had so far not done that.

Days after his “Fox & Friends” interview, Trump also refused to tell reporters whether he’d sent the FBI to investigate.

Trump claims US-Saudi relations are “excellent” despite the Saudi regime’s apparent involvement in the murder of Khashoggi.

Asked if relations are in jeopardy because of the killing, Trump says, “we have to find out what happened…we will probably know in the very short future” pic.twitter.com/R0qfTW9eas

— Aaron Rupar (@atrupar) October 11, 2018

In an interview with Fox News on October 10, the president seemed reluctant to guarantee repercussions against the Saudis — especially in terms of US arms sales to the country — if it turned out that they harmed Khashoggi.

“I think that would be hurting us,” he said of stopping arms sales to Saudi Arabia. “We have jobs. We have a lot of things happening in this country … Part of that is what we’re doing with our defense systems, and everybody is wanting them, and frankly I think that that would be a very, very tough pill to swallow for our country.”

During the interview, Trump said that it was “looking a little bit like” Saudi Arabia was responsible for Khashoggi’s disappearance but that “we’re going to have to see.”

In a “60 Minutes” interview that aired on October 14, Trump said that “we would be very upset and angry” if it turned out the Saudis were involved in Khashoggi’s disappearance, adding that the Saudis “deny it every way you can imagine.”

The president also reiterated concerns about the economic impact of reducing arms sales to the Saudis.

“I tell you what I don’t want to do: Boeing, Lockheed, Raytheon … I don’t want to hurt jobs. I don’t want to lose an order like that,” he said. “There are other ways of punishing, to use a word that’s a pretty harsh word, but it’s true.”

“There will be severe punishment.” In his first 60 Minutes interview since taking office, President Trump tells Lesley Stahl that if Saudi Arabia is found to be responsible for journalist Jamal Khashoggi’s death, there will be consequences. https://t.co/BRZfIPHbNY pic.twitter.com/s6X98AylBR

— 60 Minutes (@60Minutes) October 13, 2018

Trump on October 17 said he’d contacted Turkish officials and requested audio and video related to the case, “if it exists.”

“I’m not sure yet that it exists,” Trump said. “Probably does. Possibly does.”

When asked whether he had sent the FBI to investigate, Trump said, “Why would I tell you?”

Trump stressed the fact that Khashoggi was not a US citizen and boasted about billions of dollars in planned US arms sales to the Saudis.

Pres. Trump says U.S. has asked Turkey for audio and video intelligence on missing journalist Jamal Khashoggi — “if it exists,” he tells reporters https://t.co/Zz3XUBTObN pic.twitter.com/PzjqD3dz3a

— CBS Evening News (@CBSEveningNews) October 17, 2018

When asked by reporters on October 18 whether he believes Khashoggi is dead, Trump said, “It certainly looks that way to me.”

The president also said there would be “very severe” consequences if investigations into Khashoggi’s disappearance conclude the Saudis are responsible.

“We’re waiting for the results of about — there are three different investigations, and we should be able to get to the bottom fairly soon,” Trump said at the time, adding that he plans to make a “very strong statement” once they’ve concluded.

After the Saudis acknowledged Khashoggi’s death, Trump said he found their explanation about how he died credible and offered his support to the crown prince.

In an interview with The Post published October 20, Trump described the crown prince as “a strong person, he has very good control.”

“He’s seen as a person who can keep things under check,” Trump added. “I mean that in a positive way.”

Trump also said he didn’t think Prince Mohammed should be replaced, describing the controversial 33-year-old as Saudi Arabia’s best option. The president expressed some doubts to The Post, however, saying that “obviously there’s been deception, and there’s been lies.”

The president told reporters on October 22 that he wasn’t satisfied with what he’d heard from the Saudis about Khashoggi’s death, adding, “We’re going to get to the bottom of it.”

Trump on October 23 described Khashoggi’s killing as one of the worst cover-ups in history.

“They had a very bad original concept,” Trump said. “It was carried out poorly, and the cover-up was one of the worst in the history of cover-ups. Very simple. Bad deal. Should have never been thought of.”

Additionally, the president said he’d leave any ramifications against the Saudis up to Congress.

Trump on Wednesday told reporters he was consulting with Congress on how to respond to the killing, adding that he would have “a very strong opinion” to offer on the subject next week.

“I’ll have a much stronger opinion on that subject over the next week,” Trump said. “I’m forming a very strong opinion.”

Vice President Mike Pence tweeted about the case on October 8.

“Deeply troubled to hear reports about Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi. If true, this is a tragic day,” he said. “Violence against journalists across the globe is a threat to freedom of the press & human rights. The free world deserves answers.”

Deeply troubled to hear reports about Saudi Arabian journalist Jamal Khashoggi. If true, this is a tragic day. Violence against journalists across the globe is a threat to freedom of the press & human rights. The free world deserves answers.

— Vice President Mike Pence (@VP) October 8, 2018

Khashoggi’s fiancée has called on Trump to do more

Cengiz urged Trump in an op-ed article for The Post, published on October 9, to “shed light” on his disappearance.

“At this time, I implore President Trump and first lady Melania Trump to help shed light on Jamal’s disappearance,” Cengiz wrote.

She added that she and Khashoggi “were in the middle of making wedding plans, life plans,” when he disappeared.

On October 10, Trump said that he had spoken with the Saudi government about Khashoggi and that he was working closely with the Turkish government to get to the bottom of what happened. He would not say whether he believed the Saudis were responsible for the journalist’s disappearance.

The president also said he invited Cengiz to the White House.

Trump on whether he’s spoken to the Saudis about the death of Khashoggi: “I’d rather not say, but the answer is yes.”

“We have to see what happens. Nobody knows what happened yet.” pic.twitter.com/HxwUb6Sy8p

— Aaron Rupar (@atrupar) October 10, 2018

Cengiz wrote in an op-ed article for The Times published on October 13: “In recent days, I saw reports about President Trump wanting to invite me to the White House. If he makes a genuine contribution to the efforts to reveal what happened inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul that day, I will consider accepting his invitation.”

The Trump administration has had a close relationship with the Saudis, and US-Turkey relations have been strained in recent months over the imprisonment of an American pastor, though he was released on October 12.

Trump had suggested ‘rogue killers’ could be behind Khashoggi’s disappearance

After a phone call with Saudi Arabia’s King Salman on October 15, Trump suggested, without evidence, that “rogue killers” could be behind Khashoggi’s disappearance and said the king flatly denied any involvement.

“It sounded to me like maybe these could be rogue killers,” Trump said. “Who knows?”

Trump says the Saudi king “flatly denied” any knowledge of Khashoggi’s disappearance.

“It sounded to me like maybe these could be rogue killers, who knows?” #tictocnews pic.twitter.com/cXS5GF7WZZ

— TicToc by Bloomberg (@tictoc) October 15, 2018

On October 16, Trump escalated his defense of the Saudis, suggesting in an interview with the AP that the criticism leveled against the government was another instance of “guilty until proven innocent.”

“Here we go again with, you know, you’re guilty until proven innocent,” he said. “I don’t like that. We just went through that with Justice Kavanaugh, and he was innocent all the way as far as I’m concerned.”

In an interview with Fox Business that aired that evening, Trump said it “would be bad” if it turned out that the Saudis were behind Khashoggi’s disappearance, but he emphasized the US-Saudi relationship.

“Saudi Arabia’s our partner, our ally against Iran,” Trump said. “They’ve been a great ally to me.”

.@realDonaldTrump to @trish_regan: If Saudi leaders knew about the death of Jamal Khashoggi, “that would be bad.”

Watch the full interview, TONIGHT at 8:00pm ET on @FoxBusiness. pic.twitter.com/tpVXz5OF9K

— FoxNewsInsider (@FoxNewsInsider) October 16, 2018

Pompeo went to Saudi Arabia to discuss the case with the king

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo landed in Riyadh on October 16 to discuss the Khashoggi case with King Salman.

A State Department spokeswoman, Heather Nauert, told The Times that Pompeo “thanked the king for his commitment to supporting a thorough, transparent, and timely investigation of Jamal Khashoggi’s disappearance.”

Mike Pompeo

Later in the day, Pompeo met with Prince Mohammed for roughly 35 to 40 minutes.

“We are strong and old allies,” the crown prince told reporters as he met with Pompeo. “We face our challenges together.”

After his meetings, Pompeo said the Saudi leadership “strongly denied any knowledge of what took place in their consulate in Istanbul.”

“We had direct and candid conversations,” Pompeo said. “I emphasized the importance of conducting a thorough, transparent, and timely investigation, and the Saudi leadership pledged to deliver precisely on that.”

The secretary of state said he believed there was a “serious commitment to determine all the facts and ensure accountability, including accountability for Saudi Arabia’s senior leaders or senior officials.”

Pompeo added: “We’re going to give them the space to complete the investigation of this incident.”

The US received a $100 million payment from Saudi Arabia that day. The timing of the payment raises questions, but the State Department said it had no connection to Pompeo’s visit.

After returning to the US, Pompeo said he told Trump the US “ought to give” the Saudis “a few more days” to complete an investigation before deciding “how or if the United States should respond to the incident surrounding Mr. Khashoggi.”

“There are lots of stories out there about what has happened,” Pompeo said at the White House. “We are going to allow the process to move forward.”

Mike Pompeo says he told Trump the U.S. “ought to give them a few more days” to complete an investigation into Khashoggi’s death. (via @tictoc) pic.twitter.com/mCjfADFPQz

— Kyle Griffin (@kylegriffin1) October 18, 2018

On October 18, ABC News cited a senior Turkish official as saying the Turks let Pompeo listen to audio and view a transcript offering evidence that Khashoggi was killed. Pompeo promptly denied ever hearing or seeing such a recording, and Ankara’s top diplomat subsequently denied supplying any audio to the secretary of state.

Pompeo said on October 23 that the US would take “appropriate actions” against people it has identified as connected to Khashoggi’s killing.

“We have identified at least some of the individuals responsible, including those in the intelligence services, the royal court, the foreign ministry, and other Saudi ministries who we suspect to have been involved in Mr. Khashoggi’s death,” Pompeo said.

The secretary of state said the repercussions would include revoking visas as well as possibly imposing economic sanctions.

Pompeo had a call with Prince Mohammed on Sunday in which he told the Saudi leader the US would hold accountable everyone involved in Khashoggi’s death, The Guardian reported.

“The secretary emphasized that the United States will hold all of those involved in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi accountable, and that Saudi Arabia must do the same,” Nauert said in a statement.

The US intelligence community reportedly knew about a Saudi plot to capture Khashoggi

A Post report on October 10 said US intelligence intercepts showed that Prince Mohammed sought to lure Khashoggi back to Saudi Arabia and detain him there.

The newspaper said the intercepts of Saudi officials discussing the plan were described by US officials familiar with the intelligence.

Under a directive signed in 2015, the US intelligence community has a “duty to warn” people — including those who are not US citizens — who it believes are at risk of being kidnapped, seriously hurt, or killed. This directive was a central aspect of the conversation about the US’s response to Khashoggi’s disappearance.

The White House and the State Department did not immediately respond to requests for comment from Business Insider. A representative for the National Security Council declined to comment.

But a State Department spokesman, Robert Palladino, told reporters that the US government did not have prior knowledge of a Saudi plot to capture or harm Khashoggi.

“Although I cannot comment on intelligence matters, I can say definitively the United States had no advanced knowledge of Jamal Khashoggi’s disappearance,” he said.

Trump is under mounting pressure to address the situation more forcefully

Senators on both sides of the aisle had expressed serious concerns about Khashoggi’s disappearance.

And those who commented on October 19 about the Saudi government’s announcement of Khashoggi’s death expressed doubt about the Saudis’ explanation.

Democratic Sen. Richard Blumenthal said he believed the Saudis were “buying time and buying cover.”

Rep. Adam Schiff of California, the ranking member of the House Intelligence Committee, said: “The announcement that Jamal Khashoggi was killed while brawling with a team of more than a dozen dispatched from Saudi Arabia is not credible. If Khashoggi was fighting inside the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, he was fighting for his life with people sent to capture or kill him.

“The Kingdom and all involved in this brutal murder must be held accountable, and if the Trump Administration will not take the lead, Congress must.”

Nearly two dozen senators sent a letter to Trump on October 10 invoking the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act of 2016.

The letter — written by Sens. Bob Corker, the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and Bob Menendez, its ranking Democrat — gave the White House 120 days to “determine whether a foreign person is responsible for an extrajudicial killing, torture, or other gross violation of internationally recognized human rights against an individual exercising freedom of expression.”

At the end of 120 days, the letter said, Trump is to report back to the committee on the investigation’s findings and how his administration plans to respond.

“We request that you make a determination on the imposition of sanctions pursuant to the Global Magnitsky Human Rights Accountability Act with respect to any foreign person responsible for such a violation related to Mr. Khashoggi,” the senators wrote. “Our expectation is that in making your determination you will consider any relevant information, including with respect to the highest ranking officials in the Government of Saudi Arabia.”

Today, we sent a letter to the administration triggering an investigation and Global Magnitsky sanctions determination regarding the disappearance of Saudi journalist and @washingtonpost columnist #JamalKhashoggi. pic.twitter.com/reqXtmqfJt

— Senator Bob Corker (@SenBobCorker) October 10, 2018

The letter paves the way for sanctions to be imposed on Saudi Arabia and puts pressure on Trump to investigate Khashoggi’s disappearance.

Speaking with reporters about the letter, Corker said, “It’s the forcing mechanism to ensure that we use all the resources available to get the bottom of this, and if in fact at the very highest levels of Saudi Arabia they have been involved in doing this, that appropriate steps will be taken to sanction them.”

Meanwhile, Sen. Lindsey Graham, a top Senate Republican, called for the crown prince to step away from the world stage, describing him as “toxic” in an appearance on “Fox & Friends.”

On @foxandfriends, @LindseyGrahamSC describes Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman as “a wrecking ball. He had [Khashoggi] murdered…the MBS figure is toxic. He can never be a world leader…This guy’s got to go. Saudi Arabia if you’re listening, MBS has tainted your country.” pic.twitter.com/dGRDRVsztc

— Aaron Rupar (@atrupar) October 16, 2018

Other Republican senators, including Marco Rubio, Rand Paul, and Ben Sasse, have also been deeply critical of Saudi Arabia and the US’s relationship with it in the wake of Khashoggi’s disappearance.

“It’s time to rethink America’s relationship with the Saudi Kingdom,” Paul wrote in an op-ed article for Fox News.

“We can start by cutting the Saudis off,” he added. “We should not send one more dime, one more soldier, one more adviser, or one more arms deal to the kingdom.”

Senators also don’t seem to buy the Saudi government’s explanation for Khashoggi’s death.

“To say that I am skeptical of the new Saudi narrative about Mr. Khashoggi is an understatement,” Graham said, adding, “It’s hard to find this latest ‘explanation’ as credible.”

The UN has called for an independent investigation into the Khashoggi case

Meanwhile, UN experts have called for an independent and international investigation into the case.

“We are concerned that the disappearance of Mr. Khashoggi is directly linked to his criticism of Saudi policies in recent years,” they said in a statement on October 9. “We reiterate our repeated calls on the Saudi authorities to open the space for the exercise of fundamental rights, including the right to life and of expression and dissent.”

SEE ALSO: The meteoric rise of Saudi’s powerful Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is now suspected of ordering the assassination of journalist Jamal Khashoggi

READ MORE: Jamal Khashoggi’s disappearance is an ’embarrassing’ ‘crisis’ for Trump and ‘one of the roughest foreign-policy challenges’ he’s faced yet, experts say

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Here’s everything we know about the troubling disappearance and death of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi